Technical Resources

Transportation Safety Resources

The following is a listing of the most recent publications for this topic.

PUBLICATION TITLE
New Road Safety Professional Certification Now Available!
The Transportation Professional Certification Board (TPCB), in collaboration with a wide array of transportation and safety-related organizations in the United States and Canada, announced the availability of a new Road Safety Professional (RSP) Certification® last year. The certification became available on October 1, 2018. The goals of the RSP certifications are to recognize road safety as a profession, to establish a recognized level of practice and knowledge, and to incentivize safety education.
Jul 1, 2019
Promoting Bike Safety through Safe Road Design
Bicycling is an efficient, enjoyable, social, and environmentally friendly form of transportation that is growing in popularity across North America. While research shows that a large portion of the population is interested in cycling, many are deterred from it due to the risk or fear of being involved in a collision. As transportation practitioners play a key role in mitigating collision risk on the road network, and given that June is National Safety Month, this article highlights some of the fundamental safety aspects to consider when planning and designing bicycle facilities.
Jun 1, 2019
Unsafe Driver Glances at Roadside Unmanned Aerial System Operations
Recent technological advances have made unmanned aerial systems (UASs)--commonly referred to as drones--smaller, more affordable, and more available for civilian operations. As UASs become more ubiquitous in applications for industry, agriculture, and transportation, they will inevitably interact with existing roadway infrastructure. Current commercial, governmental, and research operations are subject to Part 107 of Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) regulations. This policy regulates commercial (non-hobby) UAS use, including pilot responsibilities, operational limitations, and aircraft requirements. The portion of these rules related to roadway infrastructure (Part 107.39) does not allow pilots to operate a UAS directly over moving vehicles. In addition, some states have passed laws related to limiting UAS operations near enclosed critical infrastructure facilities (e.g., water treatment plants). Additional legislation allows for law enforcement and other state government agencies to operate UASs. While not an exhaustive list, such legislation is indicative of state efforts to adapt to this disruptive technology as the legal landscape continues to evolve.
Jun 1, 2019
Canada and the Safe Systems Approach to Road Safety
In Canada, more than 235,000 people have been killed in motor vehicle crashes since 1950. In the last 10 years, approximately 187,000 people have been hospitalized from traffic crashes.1 No recent progress has been made in reducing fatalities and major injuries to pedestrians and cyclists, and the overall topic of road deaths is not receiving the political traction or public discussion that is needed. Researchers Johnston, Muir, and Howard found that the majority of serious trauma from road crashes does not involve a driver purposefully breaking an overt law, but ordinary people doing ordinary things.2 But what are the solutions to the problem? To achieve meaningful changes, road safety must be a priority.
Apr 1, 2019
Pedestrian and Bicyclist Scalable Risk Assessment Methods
Many transportation agencies are placing more emphasis on improving pedestrian and bicyclist safety and reducing the risk of a fatality or serious injury to pedestrians and bicyclists. Practitioners need a methodical approach to assess pedestrian and bicyclist risk for the purposes of identifying high-priority areas and transportation facilities for safety improvement, evaluating specific countermeasures and locations before and after improvements are made, and tracking safety performance measures over time to gauge progress toward established goals.
Apr 1, 2019
President's Message - Safety: A Community Effort
President's Message - Safety: A Community Effort
Apr 1, 2019
Speed Limits: Leading to Change
In January 2019, the National Committee on Uniform Traffic Control Devices (NCUTCD) voted to send a ballot item to the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) to revise language in the Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices (MUTCD) regarding the setting of speed limits. In January 2018, the NCUTCD established a task force to further understand the recommendations made by the National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB), Reducing Speeding Related Crashes Involving Passenger Vehicles. The task force conducted a survey in the spring of 2018 of the profession to identify practices and attitudes related to setting of speed limits, and 740 professionals completed the survey.
Apr 1, 2019
Speed, Kinetic Energy, and the Safe Systems Approach to Safer Roadways
Thirty-five thousand people die on U.S. roadways each year--the equivalent of a completely full jumbo jet crashing weekly--leaving no survivors.1 The vast majority of these deaths occurred on roadways funded with state and federal dollars and designed according to state and federal guidance or standards. In other words, how we design transportation infrastructure has a direct impact on the unacceptable safety outcomes we have experienced.
Apr 1, 2019
When Transportation Professionals Safely Manage Speeds--A Showcase of Data-Driven Speed Management Practices
Transportation professionals all over the United States are transforming streets to encourage safer speeds in order to reduce serious injuries and fatalities. The engineering leg of the three "Es" stool must take into consideration a twofold approach--design of streets and setting safe speed limits. There are many factors transportation professionals must consider when designing for speed management, from corridor mobility to state enabling legislation to project budget to pedestrian safety
Apr 1, 2019
Managing Speed for Safety: Advancing Vision Zero in Local Communities - Agenda
Managing Speed for Safety: Advancing Vision Zero in Local Communities - Agenda
Jan 25, 2019
Summary of National Workshop on Speed Management
Summary of National Workshop on Speed Management
Jan 25, 2019
An Evaluation of Special Crosswalk Treatments in British Columbia
On average, more than 27 pedestrians per year die in the greater Vancouver, British Columbia (BC), Canada area compared to an average of nine pedestrian fatalities per year in Stockholm, Sweden, despite the Vancouver region's population being only 10 percent larger. On average, 1,700 pedestrians are injured each year in the Metro Vancouver area. Factors related to these pedestrian incidents include distracted driving, lighting conditions and glare, and road geometry.
Dec 4, 2018
Core Elements for Vision Zero Communities
Vision Zero – the strategy to eliminate traffic fatalities and severe injuries – is being adopted by a growing number of communities across North America and beyond. While safe mobility is not a new concept, Vision Zero requires a shift in how communities approach decisions, actions, and attitudes around safe mobility.
Nov 5, 2018
Transferability of Safety Performance Functions Across Jurisdictions: A Comparison between Minnesota, Ohio, and Washington Using HSIS Data
According to the Highway Safety Information System (HSIS) database, interstate crashes account for 15.3, 22.5, and 23.0 percent of all crashes reported in Minnesota, Ohio, and Washington between 2011 and 2015, respectively. Figure 1 depicts the changes over the study period. The general trends show that the number of total crashes is increasing in Ohio and Washington, and crashes occurring on interstates, as a percentage of the total, are decreasing in Minnesota and Ohio. Total crashes in Minnesota have been relatively stagnant; meanwhile, interstate crashes in Washington have become a larger portion of the total crashes in the state each year during the study period. Average number of fatal and severe injury crashes on interstates over the same time period varied from 93.4, 761.6, and 116, respectively. After normalizing the number of total crashes with vehicle-miles of travel (VMT), Ohio had, on average, the highest crash rate of 102.1 crashes per 100 million VMT followed by Minnesota (87.7) and then Washington (80.2). Figure 2 shows the number of crashes per 100 million vehicle-miles of travel for fatal and serious injury crashes based on the HSIS data on interstates. It shows that Ohio had the highest crash rate of fatal and serious injury when compared to the other two states. However, these three states had almost similar crash rates of fatalities occur during the study period. In order to find reasons for the differences found between these states, additional safety performance measures must be performed.
Aug 29, 2018
Vision Zero Safety Resources Toolbox
The Safety Resources Toolbox is a collection of practice-ready resources intended to aid transportation professionals in managing their own safety planning and programming. These resources are all digitally accessible, and are curated from various organizations in the transportation profession in addition to ITE. Such items include technical reports, data analysis tools, on-demand webinars, and numerous other resources focused not just on Vision Zero, but also general safety improvement and countermeasure implementation.
Aug 9, 2018
Road Safety Professional
The Transportation Professional Certification Board (TPCB) in collaboration with a wide array of transportation- and safety-related organizations in the United States and Canada announces the upcoming availability of a new Road Safety Professional (RSP) Certification beginning in October 2018. The goals of the RSP certifications are to recognize road safety as a profession, to establish a recognized level of practice and knowledge, and to incentivize safety education.
Aug 7, 2018
Reducing Crash Risk and Improving Traffic Safety: Research on Driver Behavior and Performance
According to the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA), 7,277,000 motor vehicle crashes were reported to the police in the United States in 2016, injuring 3,144,000 people and killing 37,461. In-depth crash investigations have revealed that the immediate reason for the critical event that led to the occurrence of the crash was some form of unsafe or illegal action, inaction, or some form of mistake made by one of the drivers involved in 94 percent of all crashes.
Aug 1, 2018
Transferability of Safety Performance Functions Across Jurisdictions: A Comparison between Minnesota, Ohio, and Washington Using HSIS Data
According to the Highway Safety Information System (HSIS) database, interstate crashes account for 15.3, 22.5, and 23.0 percent of all crashes reported in Minnesota, Ohio, and Washington between 2011 and 2015, respectively. Figure 1 depicts the changes over the study period. The general trends show that the number of total crashes is increasing in Ohio and Washington, and crashes occurring on interstates, as a percentage of the total, are decreasing in Minnesota and Ohio. Total crashes in Minnesota have been relatively stagnant; meanwhile, interstate crashes in Washington have become a larger portion of the total crashes in the state each year during the study period. This paper is the first place winning paper of the Federal Highway Administration’s (FHWA) 2018 Excellence in Highway Safety Data Award, which is designed to encourage university students to use Highway Safety Information System (HSIS) data to investigate a topic that advances highway safety and to develop a paper to document the original research. The HSIS Highway Safety Data Awards Program is jointly administered by FHWA and the Institute of Transportation Engineers.
Jul 31, 2018
RSP Refresher Course (Level 1 Exam)
This RSP Level 1 Refresher Course provides an overview of topics, key references, and independent study materials by topic for individuals in the transportation, safety, and health professions who intend to take the Road Safety Professional (RSP) Level 1 certification exam. This course includes five (5) 90-minute live webinars (available on-demand at a later date) on foundational elements of road safety, the collection and application of crash data and associated safety measures, human factors and their impact on roadway safety, safety management and the use of countermeasures, and the development and implementation of strategic safety plans.
Jul 27, 2018
Is Speeding an Addiction? Saving Lives Through Roadway Planning and Design
The guiding principle of Vision Zero is that the loss of human life from road crashes is unacceptable. This means that safety is paramount and that mobility cannot be gained at the expense of safety—mobility is a function of safety, not vice versa. Vision Zero advocates for speeds that are limited to levels that ensure safety when considering the types of road users, the fleet design standards, and the operating environment. In short, speed limits must be determined by the technical standard of vehicles and roads so as not to exceed the level of violence that the human body can tolerate in a crash.
Jun 1, 2018