Resources

Transportation Safety Resources

The following is a listing of the most recent publications for this topic.

PUBLICATION TITLE
ITE Technical Brief: Incorporating Big Data into Safety Analysis: An Integrated and Proactive Approach
In the past few years, Big Data has emerged as an important alternative for numerous transportation studies, especially during the COVID-19 pandemic. For example, data collection for traffic studies conducted during the pandemic was not possible due to the reduction in traffic volumes. Big Data sources allowed practitioners to obtain representative peak hour traffic counts at a certain intersection for a specific day and time retroactively. Big Data appears to be a good source for data collection and integration moving forward, especially in the safety field. "Incorporating Big Data into Safety Analysis: An Integrated and Proactive Approach" is a Technical Brief developed by the Institute of Transportation Engineers (ITE) Safety Council. This document defines Big Data in the context of safety, addresses how Big Data can supplement traditional data, and how it can improve safety by filling the existing gaps. Traditional crash data collection is highly labor and resource intensive. In addition, the quality of data can be questionable depending on resources available. Crashes can be underreported, and analysis relying on such data could produce biased outcomes. One technique for better understanding motor vehicle incidents, injuries, and the resultant medical outcomes is to link traditional data sources such as police, hospital, and emergency medical service (EMS) records to Big Data sources such as speed, travel time, origin-destination, land use and zoning, air quality, financial data, public health datasets, and driver behavior data. Socio-demographic and economic factors can also be integrated into the safety analysis process, incorporating equity into safety improvements prioritization. Further, traditional safety analysis has mostly been focused on a reactive approach, where hotspots are identified based on historical crash data, and locations with a high number of crashes (or severe crashes) are typically the candidates for safety improvements. Although there are methods, such as the Highway Safety Manual (HSM) predictive analysis, that include proactive safety elements, Big Data is an alternative to complement and improve existing proactive safety analysis; hard braking events, for example, can be obtained from Big Data, allowing safety improvements to be made at high-risk locations before crashes occur. Big Data sources help identify needs, especially for pedestrians and bicyclists. For example, data from connected vehicles, smartphones, and video cameras can provide pedestrian and bicyclist exposure, assist with trip routes, and inform where midblock improvements for pedestrians or bike route improvements should be implemented before incidents occur. Lastly, in most crashes, driver behavior is a contributing factor. Understanding how driver behavior impacts safety is important to inform better roadway design, construction, repair, and improvement. Technology-driven strategies that combine telematics, mapping, and video data to track vehicle speed, location, direction of movement, and hard braking event locations have been deployed to influence driver behavior and improve road safety. Further, data can be generated experimentally through simulating scenarios such as driving simulator studies and from in-vehicle and devices installed outside the vehicle to collect real world observations. This report includes a discussion on how Big Data is currently being used to strengthen the safety data we now use, what the available sources for safety professionals are, and what issues still need to be addressed. This report focus areas are proactive safety approach, data collection and processing, pedestrian and bicyclist safety, and driver behavior.
Aug 5, 2022
ITE Commends USDOT's National Roadway Safety Strategy
The Institute of Transportation Engineers (ITE) commends the U.S. Department of Transportation (USDOT) and Secretary Pete Buttigieg on the release of the department's new National Roadway Safety Strategy (NRSS), setting a goal of zero roadway fatalities and adopting the Safe System Approach. The NRSS embraces a human-centered focus founded on the Safe System Approach, which seeks to advance the complementary objectives of Safer People, Safer Roads, Safer Vehicles, Safer Speeds, and Post-Crash Care. It recognizes that achieving this ambitious goal will require a USDOT-wide approach working with stakeholders across the country.
Jan 27, 2022
Developing Trends Facing the Transportation Profession: A Thought Leadership Report by the ITE Council Leadership Team (2021 Edition)
The 2021 ITE Developing Trends Report represents collective input from ITE Councils and Standing Committees on emerging transportation challenges and solutions. The report covers transportation planning, engineering, management, and operation advancements and will benefit the industry's leaders and professionals in the public and private sectors. The Developing Trends Report Task Force reached out to all ITE Councils and Standing Committees to identify trends relevant to their scope and expertise.
Jan 11, 2022
2022 Excellence in Highway Safety Data Award
The Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) is pleased to announce the Excellence in Highway Safety Data Award, which is part of the Highway Data Analysis Excellence Awards Program. The award is designed to encourage university students to use Highway Safety Information System (HSIS) data to investigate a topic that advances highway safety and to develop a paper to document their original research. The Excellence in Highway Safety Data Award encourages university students and potential future highway safety professional to use HSIS data. The goal is to introduce students to using high-quality safetydata andappropriateresearch methodsto derive recommendations, and the practice of using data to make decisions.
Nov 9, 2021
ITE Technical Brief: Essential Components of Incorporating Safety in Transportation Impact Analysis
The primary purpose of Essential Components of Incorporating Safety in Transportation impact Analysis is to provide information about this evolving and increasingly critical field. While no single method for implementing safety impact analysis is preferred, this document will outline key decisions and tools for agencies and their potential benefits and costs. The intended audiences are agency practitioners and consultants seeking ways to institutionalize safety and fund safety enhancements, including those looking to implement existing safety plans. It is also intended for developers responding to development guidelines and students or young professionals learning about impact analysis practices.
Oct 17, 2021
Safe System Strategic Plan
The Safe System Strategic Plan provides a roadmap for the advancement of the Safe System Approach in the U.S. It describes the Safe System Approach, discusses the process involved in building the plan, outlines how to advance a Safe System mindset, and describes steps necessary to implement Safe System practices within the transportation community in the U.S. This plan focuses on the role of road system owners and operators in applying the Safe System Approach to design, build, and operate safer roads. This plan aims to educate transportation professionals on the effectiveness of the Safe System Approach while also offering guidance on how to prioritize safety in the U.S. as a means to achieving zero traffic fatalities.
Sep 28, 2021
Quick Bite: Multimodal Safety Analysis – Atlanta, GA
The Georgia Department of Transportation (GDOT) continues to strive to make all roadways in Georgia safer for all modes. This quick bite presents recent GDOT efforts to develop a comprehensive plan to identify opportunities for projects that will dedicate infrastructure to serve pedestrians, bicyclists, and transit users on state routes within Midtown and Downtown Atlanta.
Sep 15, 2021
ITE Quick Bite: Vulnerable Road User Safety at Signalized Intersections
Vulnerable road users-- which may include individuals using micromobility devices such as scooters or bicycles, people walking, people using wheelchairs, or youth and seniors -- make up a disproportionately high percentage of fatalities and serious injuries related to travel. Signalized intersections can be particularly challenging to navigate for vulnerable road users. Fortunately, there are numerous proven safety countermeasures that can be applied strategically to improve the safety of vulnerable road users at these locations.
Jun 2, 2021
Member to Member: Building a Safety Legacy
Brian Chandler, P.E., PTOE, RSP2IB, PMP National Director for Transportation Safety, DKS Associates, Seattle, WA, USA
Jun 1, 2021
Recommended Actions to Help Transportation Agencies Implement the Highway Safety Manual
Performance-based processes that use data-driven safety performance measures offer potential for state and local transportation agencies to reduce the number of traffic fatalities and serious injuries that occur on the nation's highways and to make informed decisions to reduce project and operating costs. The American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials (AASHTO) Highway Safety Manual (HSM) provides safety knowledge and tools to facilitate improved decision making based on safety performance. The HSM enables transportation agencies to use performance-based statistical approaches when designing for the safety performance of a facility, rather than simply adhering to traditional design policies and standards, such as the AASHTO A Policy on Geometric Design of Highways and Streets and the Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices.
Jun 1, 2021
The Safe System Consortium: A Call to Action
The Center for Injury Research and Policy at Johns Hopkins University (JHCIRP), known for its leadership in the public health arena, in collaboration with the Institute of Transportation Engineers (ITE), recognized for its leadership in the practice of transportation planning and transportation engineering, recently convened the Safe System Consortium, with support from the FIA Foundation. This Consortium included a diverse group of experts including transportation planners and engineers, public health professionals, safety advocates, academics, researchers, and international road safety experts.
Jun 1, 2021
What Type of Crash Can We Expect? Designing for Safety at Common Traffic Control Devices
Lowering crash severity is a critical priority for transportation professionals and all those in the transportation community who are actively adopting Vision Zero. With the goal of reaching zero fatality and serious injury crashes, the need to better understand the factors related to severe cases becomes essential. Crash severity is highly shaped by the crash type, or manner of collision. For example, the odds of being fatally injured in a crash greatly increases for head-on and rollover crashes. Severity has been found to be highest for head-on collisions, followed by angle crashes, and lower for rear end and sideswipe crashes.4 Given this relationship between crash type and severity, it is critical that transportation professionals understand the likelihood of specific crash types to occur at various traffic control devices. A large-scale study in the United States revealing this relationship has yet to exist in literature. This information will guide future decision-making, guiding transportation practitioners to implement the most critical countermeasures to achieve the highest level of safety.
Jun 1, 2021
ITE Virtual Drop-In Session: Traffic Safety - Are the Other Two E's Pulling Their Weight?
Convener: Peter Yauch, Iteris
Mar 2, 2021
ITE Virtual Drop-In Session: Facilities for Active Transportation
Convener: Marvin Ta, Pennoni
Feb 25, 2021
Case Studies on Implementing the Safe System Approach in the U.S.
The Safe System Approach aims to reduce serious injury and fatal crashes by designing and operating roadways in a manner that anticipates human error and accommodates human injury tolerances. Safe System applications vary based on roadway conditions, type, and safety interventions necessary, and they range from separating users in space or time to increasing attentiveness to reducing impact forces. The following case studies outline the Safe System Approach applied on some of the more common types of roadway serious injuries and fatalities in the United States. The case studies outline on-the-ground practices in the following three areas of need: major thoroughfares, intersections, and pedestrians. While few U.S. states or cities are comprehensively using the Safe System Approach, the case studies outline key elements of the Safe System Approach applied by public agencies, both large and small, across the United States.
Feb 18, 2021
Using Technology to Move Toward Zero Deaths: Safe & Smart Corridor – Fremont, CA
Using Technology to Move Toward Zero Deaths: Safe & Smart Corridor – Fremont, CA
Jan 29, 2021
Using Technology to Move Toward Zero Deaths: Video Analytics - Bellevue, WA
Using Technology to Move Toward Zero Deaths: Video Analytics - Bellevue, WA
Jan 29, 2021
Road Safety Professional Certification
There have been tremendous advancements in the area of road safety over the past two decades. Practices such as Vision Zero, Toward Zero Deaths, and the Safe System approach have helped foster a culture of road safety in the United States, Canada, and many other places in the world, leading to transportation safety being more widely recognized as a discipline within the profession. These principles are reinforced by local municipalities, provinces, and states implementing data-driven strategic road safety plans, all with the goal of achieving fewer serious injuries and deaths on roadways.
Jan 1, 2021
Safety Criteria for Selecting a Smart Corridor: Random Forest Approach using HSIS Data from Washington State
A roadway crash is a multifaceted event involving circumstances such as highway geometry, traffic exposure, operating speed, driver characteristics, vehicle factors, and the interactions among them. Determining the relationship between vehicle operating speed, roadway design elements, and traffic volume on crash outcomes would greatly benefit the road safety profession in general. There is both a need and an increasing trend to use data-driven procedures, such as machine learning approaches, artificial intelligence, and logistic regression methods to better understand the causes behind crashes. Databases like the Highway Safety Information System (HSIS) contain quality data on a large number of crashes and their associated roadway and traffic records consistently across multiple years and states. These databases provide solid resources to perform innovative learnings.
Dec 1, 2020
ITE Virtual Drop-In Session: How Do You Study a Crosswalk?
Convener: Patrick Wright, Pennoni
Nov 17, 2020

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