Technical Resources

State Bicycle Facility and/or Signal Related Resources

Very few of the State Department of Transportations have developed specific standards for the application, design, or operation of bicycle signals.  However, given the interest in using these indications, new standards can be expected over the next few years. In the meantime, reviewing both bicycle facility and/or signal design documents can be helpful in determining design guidance for bicycle signals currently.

The following table shows a listing of relevant bicycle facility and/or signal design documents from each state, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico, and these could be used as a starting point for understanding bicycle signals where you live or work:

Table 2. State Bike Signal Guidance or References*

State Bicycle Facility or Signal Design Documents
Alabama

Alabama Statewide Bicycle and Pedestrian Plan (2017)

Alabama Department of Transportation, Traffic Signal Design Guide and Timing Manual (2015)

Alaska Alaska Statewide Active Transportation Plan (2019)
Arizona

Arizona Department of Transportation, Complete Transportation Guidebook (2016)

Arizona Department of Transportation, Bicycle Safety Action Plan Final Report (2012)

Arkansas Arkansas Bicycle and Pedestrian Transportation Plan (2017)
California

California Department of Transportation Complete Intersections: A Guide to Reconstructing Intersections and Interchanges for Bicyclists and Pedestrians (2010)

California Department of Transportation, Pedestrian and Bicycle Facilities in California (2005)

Colorado Colorado Department of Transportation, Roadway Design Guide, Chapter 14 Bicycle and Pedestrian Facilities (2015)
Connecticut Connecticut Department of Transportation, Traffic Control Signal Design Manual (2021)
Delaware Delaware Department of Transportation Traffic Design Manual Traffic Signals (2015)
Florida Florida Department of Transportation, Bicycle and Pedestrian Facilities (Website)
Georgia Georgia Department of Transportation, Georgia Bicycle Safety Action Plan (2018)
Hawaii City and County of Honolulu, Department of Transportation Services, O’ahu Bike Plan (2019)
Idaho Idaho Transportation Department, Idaho Statewide Bicycle and Pedestrian Study (2014)
Illinois Illinois Department of Transportation, Illinois Bike Transportation Plan (2014)
Indiana Indiana Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices, Traffic Control for Bicycle Facilities (2008)
Iowa Iowa Department of Transportation, Design Manual, Chapter 12 – Sidewalks and Bicycle Facilities, 12B – Bicycle and Pedestrian Facilities (2012)
Kansas Kansas Department of Transportation, Kansas Strategic Highway Safety Plan (2020-2024)
Kentucky Commonwealth of Kentucky Transportation Cabinet, Highway Design Guidance Manual, Section 1500 – Pedestrian & Bicycle Accommodations (2017)
Louisiana Louisiana Department of Transportation & Development, Traffic Signal Manual (2020)
Maine Maine Department of Transportation, Traffic Engineering (Website)
Maryland Maryland State Highway Administration, Bicycle Policy & Design Guidelines (2015)
Massachusetts Massachusetts Department of Transportation, Separated Bike Lane Planning & Design Guide (2015)
Michigan Michigan Department of Transportation, Best Design Practices for Walking and Bicycling in Michigan (2018)
Minnesota

Minnesota Department of Transportation, Minnesota’s Best Practices for Pedestrian and Bicycle Safety (2021)

Minnesota Department of Transportation, Bicycle Facility Design Manual (2020)

Mississipp Mississippi Department of Transportation, Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS) Design Manual (2019)
Missouri Missouri Department of Transportation, Bicycles and Pedestrians (Website)
Montana

Montana Department of Transportation, Traffic Signal Design, Chapter 12 (2007)

Montana Department of Transportation, Montana Pedestrian & Bicycle Plan (2019)

Nebraska Nebraska Department of Transportation, Roadway Design Manual, Chapter 16 Pedestrian & Bicycle Facilities (2016)
Nevada

Nevada Department of Transportation, Nevada Statewide Bicycle Plan (2013)

Nevada Department of Transportation, Signal, Lighting, and ITS Design Guide (2019)

New Hampshire New Hampshire Department of Transportation Bureau of Transportation Planning, New Hampshire Statewide Bicycle and Pedestrian Plan (2000)
New Jersey New Jersey Department of Transportation, Bicycle Compatible Roadways and Bikeway, Planning and Design Guidelines
New Mexico New Mexico Department of Transportation, Traffic Signal Design Manual (2020)
New York New York State Department of Transportation, Design Guidance for Bicycle Facilities (Website)
North Carolina North Carolina Department of Transportation, Bicycle & Pedestrian Project Development & Design Guidance (Website)
North Dakota North Dakota Department of Transportation, Traffic Operations Manual (2020)
Ohio Ohio Department of Transportation, Bicycle and Pedestrian Resources for Engineers (2019)
Oklahoma Oklahoma Department of Transportation, Active Transportation in Oklahoma (Website)
Oregon

Oregon Department of Transportation, Oregon Bicycle and Pedestrian Design Guide (2011)

Oregon Department of Transportation, Operational Guidance for Bicycle-Specific Traffic Signals in the United States (2013)

Pennsylvania Pennsylvania Department of Transportation, Bicycle Planning and Design Resources (Website)
Rhode Island Rhode Island Department of Transportation, Traffic Design Manual (2004)
South Carolina South Carolina Department of Transportation, Traffic Signal Design Guidelines (2009)
South Dakota South Dakota Office of Highway Safety, South Dakota Highway Safety Plan (2009)
Tennessee

Tennessee Department of Transportation, Traffic Design Manual (2020)

Tennessee Department of Transportation, Roadway Design Guidelines, Multimodal Design (2021)

Texas

Texas Department of Transportation, Traffic Signals Manual (2020)

Texas Department of Transportation, Texas MUTCD, Highway Traffic Signals (2011)

Utah Utah Department of Health, Utah Bicycle & Pedestrian Master Plan Design Guide (Unknown)
Vermont Vermont Agency of Transportation, Vermont Pedestrian and Bicycle Facility Planning and Design Manual (2002)
Virginia Virginia Department of Rail and Public Transportation, Multimodal System Design Guidelines (2013)
Washington Washington State Department of Transportation, Design Manual, Roadway Bicycle Facilities (2015)
West Virginia West Virginia Department of Transportation, Traffic Engineering Directives (Website)
Wisconsin

Wisconsin Department of Transportation, Wisconsin Bicycle Facility Design Handbook (2018)

Wisconsin Department of Transportation, Bicycle Projects and Studies (Website)

Wyoming Wyoming Department of Transportation, Wyoming Bicycle & Pedestrian Transportation Plan (2016)
District of Columbia

District Department of Transportation, Design and Engineering Manual (2019)

District Department of Transportation, Bicycle Facility Design Guide (2020)

Puerto Rico Puerto Rico Highway and Transportation Authority, Design Guide, (Website)

*Some states include master planning documents while some states specifically reference traffic signal design standards and/or techincal specifications even if there’s no specific mention of addressing multimodal conflicts with traffic signal design.