The Institute of Transportation Engineers is an international educational and scientific association of transportation professionals who are responsible for meeting mobility and safety needs. ITE facilitates the application of technology and scientific principles to research, planning, functional design, implementation, operation, policy development and management for any mode of ground transportation. Through its products and services, ITE promotes professional development of its members, supports and encourages education, stimulates research, develops public awareness programs and serves as a conduit for the exchange of professional information.

Founded in 1930, ITE is a community of transportation professionals including, but not limited to transportation engineers, transportation planners, consultants, educators and researchers. Through meetings, seminars, publications and a network of 17,000 members, working in more than 90 countries, ITE is your source for expertise, knowledge and ideas.


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Sponsored by:

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Office of Infrastructure

Federal Highway Administration

1200 New Jersey Ave., SE

Washington, DC 20590


Office of Planning, Environment and Realty

Federal Highway Administration

1200 New Jersey Ave., SE

Washington, DC 20590


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Ofice of Sustainable Communities

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency

1200 Pennsylvania Ave, NW

Ariel Rios Building Washington, DC 20460



This document is disseminated under the sponsorship of the Department of Transportation in the interest of information exchange. The U.S. Government assumes no liability for its contents or the use thereof. This report does not constitute a standard, specification, or regulation. The U.S. Government and ITE do not endorse products or manufacturers. Trade and manufacturers' names appear in this report only because they are considered essential to the object of the document.

This project was partially funded by a cooperative agreement from the Environmental Protection Agency's Of-ice of Sustainable Communities.

Publication No. RP-036A

© 2010 Institute of Transportation Engineers. All rights reserved. 1000/GP/BH/0310

Printed in the United States of America ISBN-13: 978-1-933452-52-4 ISBN-10: 1-933452-52-8


Preface and Acknowledgments

Designing Walkable Urban Thoroughfares: A Context Sensitive Approach, RP-036A was approved in 2010 as a recommended practice of the Institute of Transportation Engineers (ITE). It supersedes the proposed recommended practice, Context Sensitive Solutions in Designing Major Urban Thoroughfares for Walkable Communities, RP-036, dated March 2006. The comment period on the proposed recommended practice closed on December 31, 2006. Comments on the proposed recommended practice have been incorporated into this document.

ITE wishes to thank the Federal Highway Administration's Ofice of Infrastructure, Ofice of Planning, Environment and Realty and the Environmental Protection Agency's Ofice of Sustainable Communities for i-nancially supporting this work effort and providing leadership and guidance in the development of this report.

This report was produced by ITE and the Congress for the New Urbanism (CNU) and is the result of several years of concerted effort by dedicated volunteers, including ITE members, CNU members and many other interested parties. ITE wishes to thank the members of each of the following committees for their respective roles in the preparation of this repot.

The project management team played an essential role in the identiication, development and reinement of content, including numerous detailed reviews throughout the development process. The members of the project management team were as follows:

Brian S. Bochner (H), Texas Transportation Institute

Philip J. Caruso (F), ITE

James M. Daisa (F), Kimley-Horn and Associates, Inc.

Lisa M. Fontana Tierney (F), ITE

Lucinda E. Gibson (M), Smart Mobility Inc.

John Norquist, CNU

Jon T. Obenberger (M), FHWA

Harold E. Peaks, FHWA

Heather Smith, CNU

John V. Thomas, EPA

Neel Vanikar, FHWA


A multidisciplinary steering committee, including a policy and technical advisory committee, was responsible for general project oversight. The policy advisory committee was responsible for providing overall vision and direction, while the technical advisory committee provided guidance and review of technical content. The members of the policy and technical advisory committees were as follows:


Frances Banerjee

Andres Duany

Philip A. Erickson (M)

R. Marshall Elizer Jr. (F)

Hal Kassoff (M)

Kenneth F. Kobetsky (M)

Tim Torma


Chester E. Chellman (F)

Frederick C. Dock (F)

Norman W. Garrick

Ellen Greenberg

Richard A. Hall (F)

Rodney W Kelly (F)

John N. LaPlante (F)

Marcy McInelly

Danny C. Pleasant (F)

Peter Swift

Jeffrey Tumlin

This report was balloted and approved by a committee of individuals actively involved in the development of the report. The voting committee members included the following:

R. Marshall Elizer Jr. (F)

Norman W. Garrick

Richard A. Hall (F)

Rodney W Kelly (F)

John N. LaPlante (F)

Danny C. Pleasant (F)

Peter Swift Jeffrey Tumlin

Endorsement for publication of this document as an ITE recommended practice was provided by a recommended practice review panel consisting of the following individuals with an active interest and knowledge of context sensitive design. The following individuals were members of the panel:

Raymond E. Davis III (F)

Cesar J. Molina Jr. (M)

Brian L. Ray Dennis E. Royer (M)

Dean A. Schreiber

Nikiforos Stamatiadis (F)


A consultant team, led by James M. Daisa and Brian S. Bochner, was responsible for creating and assembling all technical content. These efforts included development of the report's organizational structure; identification, research and development of examples; and compilation, evaluation and incorporation of numerous comments in concert with direction provided by the project management team. The consultants and their respective companies were as follows:


James M. Daisa (F), Co-Project Manager

Roger B. Henderson (F)

John Martin

Bruce E. Friedman (F)

Frederick W. Schwartz (F)

Andrew Howard

Ali Mustafa

Toni Barela

Deborah K. Fehr (M)

Patrick Ramos

Michelle M. Olmsted

Luke J. Schwartz (M)

Lynne B. Filson (F )

Katherine Falk (M)

Jeff Smith


Brian S. Bochner (H), Co-Project Manager

Beverly J. Storey


Philip A. Erickson (M)

Thomas Kronemeyer

Kendra Mitchell

Kyla Burson

Sam Zimbabwe

Evelyn O'Donohue


Frederick C. Dock (F)


Reid H. Ewing

Additional technical reviewers and commentators of draft versions of this report included the following individuals:

Bruce Appleyard

William R. Balentine

Timothy S. Bochum (M)

Scott Bradley

Robert H. Brakman (F)

Bob Bryant

Dan E. Burden

Peter Calthorpe

Jeff Caster

Joseph C. Chester

Payton Chung

Edward H. Cole (M)

Vivian D. Coleman (M)

Stephen J. Cote

Mike Davis

Ron DeNadai

Steven Elkins

Christopher V. Forinash

Dan Gallegher

Toni Gold

Lewis G. Grimm (F)

DeLania L. Hardy

Keith Hines

Dwight A. Horne

Timothy T. Jackson

Robert P. Jurasin (F)

Joanna M. Kervin (F)

Tom Kloster (M)

Walter M. Kulash

John Lazarra

Elizabeth MacDonald

Joel R. McCarroll

Michael D. Meyer (M)

Tracey Newsome

Neal I. Payton

Matthew D. Ridgway (F)

Wilton A. Roberts

Otha J. Rogers (M)

Bob Schlict

Samuel Seskin

Frank Spielberg (F)

Harry W Taylor (M)

Lois E. L. Thibault

Dennis R. Toomey (M)

Charles N. Ukegbu

Jerry Walters

Robert C. Wunderlich (F)

(Letters in parentheses indicate ITE member grade: H- Honorary, A-Associate Member, M-Member, F-Fellow.)